Dear all,

I have read some of your reflections for this semester.  Most have the same common gap in term of the reflection task.  Now let’s get down to the reflection problem since it will contribute from 20%-40% of your carry marks.  Please googgle what “reflection in education means”.  Here is an example.  There were many definitions given in the example link but in short what I expected from you is a reflection which includes 5 elements as defined by Dewey (Dewey 1933: 118) or 3 elements as redefined by Boud, Keogh and Walker (1985).  In short, I expected your reflection to include the following elements as Boud, Keogh and Walker (1985) rephrase or redefined Dewey’s work.  For them reflection is an activity in which people ‘recapture their experience, think about it, mull it over and evaluate it’. They rework Dewey’s five aspects into three.

  • Returning to experience – that is to say recalling or detailing salient events.
  • Attending to (or connecting with) feelings – this has two aspects: using helpful feelings and removing or containing obstructive ones.
  • Evaluating experience – this involves re-examining experience in the light of one’s intent and existing knowledge etc. It also involves integrating this new knowledge into one’s conceptual framework. (ibid: 26-31).

In short, reflection is when you think for a while by recalling and linking to your recent experiences to your earlier experience in order to promote a more complex and interrelated schema in your mind.  The thinking involves looking at (i) what is in common between and among the events you have experienced, (ii) the differences and (iii) the interelations beyond the superficial elements aiming at developing higher order thinking skills and improve your action plan for your project, task and whatever planning you need to do.

To do the weekly or daily reflection, you need to consistently take a step back and recall your previous activities in the lab, on the field or when you are alone or with your group doing the weekly task given for the course.  The reflection process should give you time and opportunity to dig deeper into your completed, incomplete or planning of the task you need to accomplish.  A reflection as I explained in our F2F meeting before, is not merely a vivid written description and summary of the past event or the weekly meeting we had for our class.  Although you need to describe and summarize what had been covered and activities that was done during our F2F meetings or your group and individual activities, it should be kept to a minimum.

You can start the reflection by FIRSTLY, writing the overall processes hence describing the roles and individuals involved, time taken, results accomplished etc.  SECONDLY, you need to express your feelings when F2F class was in session and when you do your individual task or your group project and discussions.  Write about how you feel when the event took place, what were you thinking at that time, how did it made you feel, how did you feel about the outcome of the class, activities and discussions and how did all these affect you and why did it effected you in such a way.

THIRDLY, recall how you evaluate what happened after the event ended or completed for the day, week or semester.  It would be good if you write on this on a different mood and relate it with comments from your group member, your instructor/facilitator and other group member or individuals.  NEXT, write about your current experience and the task you have completed with your previous experience.  Were the experiences similar? Recall, think and write what has been done whether done well, correctly or otherwise and write down  your thoughts as to whether it could have been done bettter in other ways and write about the new skills you have learned and gained and how you can apply them in other and future task.  The purpose of a reflection is to learn from an experience thus writing in down is important.  FINALLY, write about your action plan and immediate effect in relation to the new knowledge or information gained and whether you want to apply them in the near future or in other task, please do share with us.

We are half-way through our courses already.  You have time to edit the previous reflections if you need to.  You have more than enough time to write accordingly for you next 5, 6 or 7 more reflection for this semester.  Do it right, if not from the start from now and go back to the start and improve on it when you have time.  All the best for your individual task and projects.

Rubric for Reflection Task – (10%-20%-30%-40% refer to your class pro-forma)
Rubric for Group Project –  (Video 20%-30%-40% refer to your class pro-forma) – Rubrik